Fish Identification: Find class
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Fish Identification: Find Class
Glossary
To start, select a class by clicking on corresponding image or you may first select an area (and a country).

Select an area (ocean for marine/brackish, continent for freshwater):  
Select Country (optional)
ray-finned fishes
This is the largest and most diverse group of fishes. Main traits, which may however be absent in some species, are are the bony skeleton, swim bladder, and highly derived skeleton of the skull and the tail, allowing for protrusion of the jaws and flexible caudal fins, respectively. External identification characters are: Fins usually are supported by rays. Scales, if present, are ganoid, cycloid or ctenoid. There is no spiracle. Interopercle and branchiostegal rays are usually present. The nostrils are relatively high up on the head.
sharks and rays
Main traits of this group are cartilaginous skeleton, placoid scales, internal fertilization with claspers in males, serial replacement of teeth, multiple gill slits, no lungs or gas bladder but instead large, buoyant livers, and a spiral valve intestine. External identification characters are: Five to seven separate gill openings on each side of the head, the first often modified as a spiracle. Dorsal fins and spines, if present, are rigid and can not be folded.
chimaeras
lobe-finned fishes
Main traits of this group are a cartilaginous skeleton, internal fertilization with claspers in males, no lungs or gas bladder but instead large, buoyant livers, and a spiral valve intestine. All chimaeras lay large eggs with a horny shell and development of embryos is direct, without a larval stage. External identification characters are: A single gill flap covers four internal gill openings, and there is no spiracle. The first dorsal fin, with its poison-laden spine, is erectable. Skin in adults is naked except for small dermal denticles along the midline of the back and on the claspers of the males. Males often have an additional clasping organ on the head. This group shares a common ancestor with the tetrapods and includes six lung fishes and two coelacanths. External identification characters are: Paired fins are present and form lobes or filaments. The tail is heterocercal and there is a double dorsal fin. Scales are cosmoid and of moderate to large size.
lampreys
hag fishes
Main traits of this group are the lack of jaws, presence of functional eyes, and presence of a dorsal fin. Lampreys produce many small eggs and females die after reproduction. External identification characters are: Single medium nostril opening present between the eyes. Seven pairs of external lateral gill openings. The body is naked and eel-like. There are no paired fins. Main traits of this group are the lack of jaws, lack of complete eyes, lack of true stomach, and skin respiration in addition to gills. Hagfish are marine scavengers and can produce large amounts of mucus or slime. Hagfish spawn repeatedly throughout their lives and produce few large eggs each time. The blind, toothless ammocoete larvae typically burrow in the bed of silty streams. Many adult hagfish are parasitic on other vertebrates. External identification characters are: Eel-like body without scales and without paired fins. There is no dorsal fin, only a confluent caudal fin.



Other identification tools in FishBase


Identification keys
Identification by morphometrics
Identification by pictures:
          If you already know the Family, go to Search FishBase, select Family and click on 'Identification by pictures' to display all available pictures in FishBase for the family.

          If you already know the Country, go to Search FishBase, select Country and click on 'Identification by pictures' to display all available pictures in FishBase for the country.

          If you already know the Ecosystem, go to Search FishBase, select Ecosystem and click on 'Identification by pictures' to display all available pictures in FishBase for the ecosystem.
php script by kbanasihan, 05.13.12 ,  最后修订者: mortiz 28.06.12